Sarcopenia, a condition characterized by a decline in strength and muscle mass, is one of the many physiological changes that occur as we age.

The overall health, mobility, and independence of an individual affected by this condition can all suffer greatly. We will investigate the definition of sarcopenia, its causes, and the effects it has on our day-to-day lives in this article.

Multiple factors influence sarcopenia, which is a complex process that is influenced by aging-related hormonal changes, decreased physical activity, inadequate nutrition, and chronic illnesses. Although it is typically associated with older people, it can also affect younger people who have specific health conditions or long periods of inactivity.

What Are The Causes of Sarcopenia?:

  • Hormonal changes brought on by age: The production of hormones decreases with age, which can result in a decrease in muscle mass and strength.
  • Living a sedentary life: Muscle deterioration and loss can be exacerbated by not engaging in regular physical activity and exercise. The muscles become weaker over time if they are not adequately challenged.
  • Substandard nutrition: Muscle repair and maintenance can be hampered by poor eating habits, such as consuming insufficient calories and protein. To build and maintain muscle, the body needs essential nutrients.
  • Medication and chronic conditions: sarcopenia can be made worse by certain chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and cancer, as well as by medications like corticosteroids.

What Are The Effects of Sarcopenia:

  • Diminished mobility and strength of the muscles: sarcopenia can cause physical weakness, making it harder to do everyday things. Climbing stairs, carrying groceries, and getting up from a chair can all become challenging or exhausting.
  • Fractures and falls at a higher risk: Older adults are more likely to suffer fractures and fall injuries due to weaker muscles and diminished balance. Loss of muscle caused by sarcopenia can affect stability and the body’s ability to react quickly to sudden movements or imbalances.
  • Changes in metabolism: Metabolism is regulated by muscle tissue. Increased body fat, weight gain, and an increased risk of metabolic disorders like diabetes and obesity are all consequences of muscle loss, which can have a negative impact on metabolism.
  • Quality of life decline: The quality of one’s life can be significantly impacted by sarcopenia. Emotional distress and feelings of isolation may result from the loss of independence, decreased social engagement, and increased reliance on others for daily activities.

How Can We Prevent and Manage Sarcopenia?: 

  • Regular activity: Strength training, such as weightlifting, can aid in the maintenance of muscle mass, strength, and function.
  • Proper nutrition: Lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in a well-balanced diet can help muscle health and repair. For a customized nutritional consultation, it may be beneficial to speak with Joan, our certified sports nutritionist (CISSN).
  • Therapy with hormones: Under the direction of a medical professional, hormone replacement therapy may be prescribed in some instances to correct hormonal imbalances that cause muscle loss.
  • Measures for preventing falls: By removing hazards, improving lighting, and utilizing assistive devices, a safe living environment can help lower the risk of fractures and falls.
  • Regular health examinations: Health care providers are able to monitor muscle mass, strength, and overall health during routine medical examinations. They can offer advice on how to manage sarcopenia and stop it from getting worse.

Sarcopenia gradually causes people of all ages to lose muscle mass, strength, and function. However, it can be prevented or slowed down with proactive lifestyle choices like strength training at least twice a week and eating a well-balanced diet. 

Not sure how to start ? Call us at 6535 0851 for a private consultation. 


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